Perspective

  Basic Concepts of Linear Perspective
  "Illustrated Drawning of Cubic Forms"
  "The Master Picture Plane"
  Reflected Tower Trio
 
Circular Rings
  Furniture Drawing
  Corridor Drawing


   Constructions


   Outdoor Assignments


   Special Courses


   Publications
 

BASIC CONCEPTS of LINEAR PERSPECTIVE*

Introduction
Practical Hints

 
Key-words in ABC:

     •     Basic Phenomena of Linear Perspective (Convergence, foreshortening, covering)
     •     Breaking into thirds
     •     Comparison of Inward Fields (framework structures)
     •     Composition (Subject + surrounding = the Entire Paper)
     •     Correct position of drawing board (angle, direction)
     •     Cut-in-Lines of the Background (Contour-intersections)
     •     The Diagonal Method (corner reflected through opposite halving point)
     •     Extreme Oblique Lines
     •     Determination of the Horizon (eye-level)
     •     Framing Shape (a rectangle of major sizes)
     •     Halving (Center Point)
     •     Horizontal Projection (using the upper edge of drawing board)
     •     Lay-out (Composition in plane, lettering)
     •     Looking for Key Intersections (e.g. crossing of Vertical Scale with fundamental Square's rear edge)
     •     The Master Picture Plane
     •     Orthogonal pictures (parallel visual rays)
     •     The Pencil Method
     •     Perspective (Central projection, Center, Visual ray, Picture plane)
     •     Picture Plane Mosaic
     •     Principal Directions
     •     Proportion (comparison)
     •     The Proportion Measuring Method (considering the oblique line as a hypotenuse)
     •     Simple Geometrical Shapes (Regular triangle and Quadrangles with a pair of parallel sides)
     •     Multilateral Distortion of Perpendicular Sides (Formula "x/Y, X/y")
     •     Picture Plane's Dissection (Easily Measurable Geometrical Shapes)
     •     Vanishing Point
     •     Diagonals' Vanishing Point
     •     Vertical Projection of Inward Corners (Horizontal planes)
     •     Vertical scale


ASSIGNMENTS

     •     A regular heap of equal boxes (e.g. matchboxes, cassettes)
     •     Modeled configurations made of Domino-style stones
     •     (Themes like "Entrance," "Play-ground", "Arcade" or "Labyrinth")
     •     with addition of orthogonal pictures.
     •     Play-cards on horizontal plane (freely or irregularly positioned in 2D)
     •     A symmetrical system built of play-cards in 3 D
     •     (e.g. "Tower", "Palace", "Gateway", etc.)
     •     An irregular heap of different boxes
     •     Closed and opened boxes (standing, laying and oblique positions)
     •     A systematic heap of books
     •     Still life with rectangular bodies


CORRESPONDING ITEMS

     •     Furniture (Stool, chair, desk, sculptor's scaffolding, sole of sculpture, etc.)
     •     Interiors (considered as an increased cube seen from inside)
     •     Regular spaces (Corridor, entrance hall, a room's corner, arcade, etc.)
     •     Details of built environment (Column, balk, rafter, sill, staircase, etc.)


Aspects for self-evaluation

   •     PERSPECTIVE
   •     COMPOSITION
   •     TECHNIQUE
Look for the best "cut-out" of picture by preliminary sketching!
Depict objects with their environment!
The  main  subject  and  its surrounding together create the composition.


*Based on "Architectural Freehand Drawing" by Fulbright-Lecturer Prof. B. MEHES PhD
The School of Architecture - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2oo1
 

 © All rights reserved Associated Professor Balazs Mehes PhD
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